Saturday, June 22, 2013

 Learn Plumbing household and maintenance

How many times was where fights marital due to some simple things relating to the house and its tools,such as disrupt shower and clogged sink, and reliance on the call themselves specialists in order to reap money for the management of your affairs home, and the most prominent figures, which some believe we can not do without them are working in the profession "plumbing" despite the fact that the problem in most cases do not require external intervention because it is simple, and you can manage on your own, so let us help you and your husband teaching you  some household plumbing skills.

There is no doubt that crashes shower an exciting time for the nerves, especially if your spouse wants taken it pigeons daily is in no hurry to go to work, and suddenly find that the "shower" does not work, this could give rise to anger and makes his day is different, but probably not find must quarrel with you due to negligence or something like that, in this case Behavior act and one which is to contact those who own thing, but you clogged shower calls your Plumber connection to give him at least 50Dolar to fix it!!

What happened to the shower interpreted simple, this blockage is caused by the accumulation of mineral deposits, which made up with the passage of time with the flow of water that need to be cleansing on a regular basis, yet neglect to accumulate and lead to the clogging "shower", but you can get rid of these deposits without the help of anyone as long as that your home is not free from "vinegar" instead of using chemicals that cause serious damage, and you


Method:
1 - Strip off the shower head and put them in a saucepan filled with distilled vinegar so completely Immerse and stoking the fire after much coverage.
 
2 - with smoke billowed from much leave it for long enough to get rid of sediment, Ancla shower of water to wash it, both to make sure of obtaining the required hygiene, theninstallation of and You will notice speed of the water flow.
Also the loss of water from the tap is common to all homes, but actions in these cases vary from one person to another Some can fix this leak skillfully, and others asking for help plumber, and from there only to close the valve water as a kind of laziness, and form the negative is not aware of the value of water get used to her voice without any reaction, with all cases must act immediately and it is very simple and not, as some believe.
 
1 - Work Tools: You will need to accomplish this task to: (a wrench "your control and capture nut" - a screwdriver - Knife high - Sophie wire - "key English" - cleaning cloth - rubber rings "Taps own")
 
2 - Before you start you need to close the water supply or "valve" to disconnect the water completely before beginning work, make sure you get out the rest of the water before removing the tap by opening it.
 
3 - jaws nut head tap key FA, ​​it is best to measure the size of the nut first and set them before you start in the jaw.
As in the case of default the jaw can facilitate the task through the use of a key link from the bottom to the jaw and ease of installation.

4 - after decoding the tap, Strip off the old rubber foreskin with your hand or with the help of the edge of the screwdriver in the event of default.
 
5 - using the wire mystic do clean well foreskin rubber area and scanned with a clean, dry cloth to become clean and shiny.
 
6 - you do install new rubber lashes and appropriate in size for fit tap inclusion of which prevent the deposition of water, but if you feel that the size of a large rubber you can cut a small piece of them with a knife to fit the space required, and then tap my knees again and set it the same key.
Avoid embolism

And get used to the housewife to deal with things related to plumbing Statistics such as Clogging basin, water pipes, sink or toilet, but may worsen these problems and are difficult to overcome and need in this case to help the plumber cliver to control it and do not even pray to this stage and avoid you the work of some of the steps preventive that your avoid exposure to such situations.
== In the case of clogged sink a tad hot water from the tap water or boiling water at once to melt any fat, then fills the basin in the last time stopper tend to leave the water rushes strongly once.

== For avoid obstruction not need to put the dirty dishes in the dishwasher, but after cleaning of food crumbs.

== do cleaning filter tap small boat it from time to time when you feel the lack of water flow.
== Clean the toilet water tank twice a year, during which do closing the water valve, and let the water flowing profusely it once, then added detergent inside of the tank with a small amount of residual water from inside, then use a brush or cloth for cleaning.

==To ensure the flow of water in the bath tub or "bathtub" and not Clogging placed a piece of cloth tightly to the refinery until the cavity is filled with water and then remove the cloth to find the water flow smoothly, clean the stopper from time to time and below to avoid the formation of sediment.

== Avoid dumping diapers, hair or any waste in the toilet, there is no need for pouring hot water in the toilet so as not due to cracking, but in case there is a leak of water under the toilet, you need to examine the pipes of water related to the tank of the toilet or hollowed out, and if there are no traces of water on the the earth around the pipes all you need only raise the toilet and loop mode new waxy around.

== For more security there is no need to suspend any or tool rack for decoration above the toilet, and not get rid of dirty water in the toilet to avoid anything that it contains or other fabrics.

== To maintain the pipes and valves of rust, Paint it the oil from time to time.

== To find out water leakage in the "bathtub" When you shower, you examine them installed shower walls of the existence of cracks or the emergence of ceramic abroad.

== When traveling or away from home for a long water valve should be closed.

Learn Plumbing household and maintenance

Posted at  11:56 AM - by maihoub ateya 1

 Learn Plumbing household and maintenance

How many times was where fights marital due to some simple things relating to the house and its tools,such as disrupt shower and clogged sink, and reliance on the call themselves specialists in order to reap money for the management of your affairs home, and the most prominent figures, which some believe we can not do without them are working in the profession "plumbing" despite the fact that the problem in most cases do not require external intervention because it is simple, and you can manage on your own, so let us help you and your husband teaching you  some household plumbing skills.

There is no doubt that crashes shower an exciting time for the nerves, especially if your spouse wants taken it pigeons daily is in no hurry to go to work, and suddenly find that the "shower" does not work, this could give rise to anger and makes his day is different, but probably not find must quarrel with you due to negligence or something like that, in this case Behavior act and one which is to contact those who own thing, but you clogged shower calls your Plumber connection to give him at least 50Dolar to fix it!!

What happened to the shower interpreted simple, this blockage is caused by the accumulation of mineral deposits, which made up with the passage of time with the flow of water that need to be cleansing on a regular basis, yet neglect to accumulate and lead to the clogging "shower", but you can get rid of these deposits without the help of anyone as long as that your home is not free from "vinegar" instead of using chemicals that cause serious damage, and you


Method:
1 - Strip off the shower head and put them in a saucepan filled with distilled vinegar so completely Immerse and stoking the fire after much coverage.
 
2 - with smoke billowed from much leave it for long enough to get rid of sediment, Ancla shower of water to wash it, both to make sure of obtaining the required hygiene, theninstallation of and You will notice speed of the water flow.
Also the loss of water from the tap is common to all homes, but actions in these cases vary from one person to another Some can fix this leak skillfully, and others asking for help plumber, and from there only to close the valve water as a kind of laziness, and form the negative is not aware of the value of water get used to her voice without any reaction, with all cases must act immediately and it is very simple and not, as some believe.
 
1 - Work Tools: You will need to accomplish this task to: (a wrench "your control and capture nut" - a screwdriver - Knife high - Sophie wire - "key English" - cleaning cloth - rubber rings "Taps own")
 
2 - Before you start you need to close the water supply or "valve" to disconnect the water completely before beginning work, make sure you get out the rest of the water before removing the tap by opening it.
 
3 - jaws nut head tap key FA, ​​it is best to measure the size of the nut first and set them before you start in the jaw.
As in the case of default the jaw can facilitate the task through the use of a key link from the bottom to the jaw and ease of installation.

4 - after decoding the tap, Strip off the old rubber foreskin with your hand or with the help of the edge of the screwdriver in the event of default.
 
5 - using the wire mystic do clean well foreskin rubber area and scanned with a clean, dry cloth to become clean and shiny.
 
6 - you do install new rubber lashes and appropriate in size for fit tap inclusion of which prevent the deposition of water, but if you feel that the size of a large rubber you can cut a small piece of them with a knife to fit the space required, and then tap my knees again and set it the same key.
Avoid embolism

And get used to the housewife to deal with things related to plumbing Statistics such as Clogging basin, water pipes, sink or toilet, but may worsen these problems and are difficult to overcome and need in this case to help the plumber cliver to control it and do not even pray to this stage and avoid you the work of some of the steps preventive that your avoid exposure to such situations.
== In the case of clogged sink a tad hot water from the tap water or boiling water at once to melt any fat, then fills the basin in the last time stopper tend to leave the water rushes strongly once.

== For avoid obstruction not need to put the dirty dishes in the dishwasher, but after cleaning of food crumbs.

== do cleaning filter tap small boat it from time to time when you feel the lack of water flow.
== Clean the toilet water tank twice a year, during which do closing the water valve, and let the water flowing profusely it once, then added detergent inside of the tank with a small amount of residual water from inside, then use a brush or cloth for cleaning.

==To ensure the flow of water in the bath tub or "bathtub" and not Clogging placed a piece of cloth tightly to the refinery until the cavity is filled with water and then remove the cloth to find the water flow smoothly, clean the stopper from time to time and below to avoid the formation of sediment.

== Avoid dumping diapers, hair or any waste in the toilet, there is no need for pouring hot water in the toilet so as not due to cracking, but in case there is a leak of water under the toilet, you need to examine the pipes of water related to the tank of the toilet or hollowed out, and if there are no traces of water on the the earth around the pipes all you need only raise the toilet and loop mode new waxy around.

== For more security there is no need to suspend any or tool rack for decoration above the toilet, and not get rid of dirty water in the toilet to avoid anything that it contains or other fabrics.

== To maintain the pipes and valves of rust, Paint it the oil from time to time.

== To find out water leakage in the "bathtub" When you shower, you examine them installed shower walls of the existence of cracks or the emergence of ceramic abroad.

== When traveling or away from home for a long water valve should be closed.

1 التعليقات:

Tuesday, June 18, 2013



Fund expulsion it,s which receives water and ask, in the toilet and is controlled feeding Siphon with valve water control in the locked so-called float valve, which is a buoy floating control faucet in order to maintain the level of water inside the siphon.
In the case of lack of water level in landing buoy with Siphon water level then moved the float arm down and the piston moves her arm which open water from the outlet pipe nutrition Then compresses water to flush filled to the desired attributed, which can be controlled adjust the arm buoy.
Siphon breakdowns:
1 - continuous leakage expulsion from the Fund to the toilet and be the reason for this float valve or stopcock expulsion, both inside the box.
If the reason is the float valve, this infusion of high water level inside the box to leak out of the overflow pipe.
To determine the cause of the defect raise the float to the top If you stop the flow of water to the fund, it means that the float does not rise in expulsion rise fund sufficient to completely lock LED should be noted that the level of water in the fund expulsion should range between 3-5 cm below the end of the overflow pipe.
Before starting the reform in the closing angle valve that feeds the Fund then empties the Fund and that the expulsion of water from it. And are starting in Blackjack arm control if they were made of copper arm is bent down in order the lock float valve in the appropriate situation to the height of the water inside the box If the plastic is used screwdriver to adjust the elevation angle of the arm.
Another possibility is that the ball float filled partially with water for the presence of a hole by making it do not go up enough to lock valve Blackjack In this case, being replaced Hate new and if the water leakage, the reason for this is damaged lashes valve and to change the foreskin is decoded valve and withdrawing Staple using Abannsh then raise the float arm and is replace the foreskin another of the same type and installation are reverse steps the jaw.
If the reason is expulsion valve must first valve seat ugly drying cloth and using emery paper can smoothen the surface of the seat and try it. If you do not stop water leaks can be caused by lack move the ball Fund. Easily when the water level falls and anchored on the valve seat In this case, testing the work of guide wires was the fact warp or corroded
2 - Relegation amount is appropriate may be due to the low Blackjack To remedy this situation bent arm float to the top or seizure, if they are plastic in order to be allowed to enter more quantity of water to the Fund may be cause blockage in the slots out water, toilet and here to be cleaned brushing or wire .

How maintenance leaking water from the expulsion of the toilet Fund

Posted at  7:32 AM - by maihoub ateya 0



Fund expulsion it,s which receives water and ask, in the toilet and is controlled feeding Siphon with valve water control in the locked so-called float valve, which is a buoy floating control faucet in order to maintain the level of water inside the siphon.
In the case of lack of water level in landing buoy with Siphon water level then moved the float arm down and the piston moves her arm which open water from the outlet pipe nutrition Then compresses water to flush filled to the desired attributed, which can be controlled adjust the arm buoy.
Siphon breakdowns:
1 - continuous leakage expulsion from the Fund to the toilet and be the reason for this float valve or stopcock expulsion, both inside the box.
If the reason is the float valve, this infusion of high water level inside the box to leak out of the overflow pipe.
To determine the cause of the defect raise the float to the top If you stop the flow of water to the fund, it means that the float does not rise in expulsion rise fund sufficient to completely lock LED should be noted that the level of water in the fund expulsion should range between 3-5 cm below the end of the overflow pipe.
Before starting the reform in the closing angle valve that feeds the Fund then empties the Fund and that the expulsion of water from it. And are starting in Blackjack arm control if they were made of copper arm is bent down in order the lock float valve in the appropriate situation to the height of the water inside the box If the plastic is used screwdriver to adjust the elevation angle of the arm.
Another possibility is that the ball float filled partially with water for the presence of a hole by making it do not go up enough to lock valve Blackjack In this case, being replaced Hate new and if the water leakage, the reason for this is damaged lashes valve and to change the foreskin is decoded valve and withdrawing Staple using Abannsh then raise the float arm and is replace the foreskin another of the same type and installation are reverse steps the jaw.
If the reason is expulsion valve must first valve seat ugly drying cloth and using emery paper can smoothen the surface of the seat and try it. If you do not stop water leaks can be caused by lack move the ball Fund. Easily when the water level falls and anchored on the valve seat In this case, testing the work of guide wires was the fact warp or corroded
2 - Relegation amount is appropriate may be due to the low Blackjack To remedy this situation bent arm float to the top or seizure, if they are plastic in order to be allowed to enter more quantity of water to the Fund may be cause blockage in the slots out water, toilet and here to be cleaned brushing or wire .

0 التعليقات:

Monday, June 17, 2013

 How to eliminate unpleasant odors in your home


One of the most embarrassing situations that guest comes to you and Jade smelly in your home, the time may Pay Most Expensive Price of purchase can save you from this smell .. If you suffer from this problem, here are some solutions without prohibitive costs:
Kitchen kingdom
If you find an unpleasant odor in the fridge, you can take these steps

1- Put a piece of coal or a piece of potato or a little vinegar or a little coffee or sodium bicarbonate in a small vase in the middle shelf of the unpleasant smell.
2- empty the refrigerator of all the contents of each period and well wash it using a cloth and warm water with the addition of drops of vinegar or sodium bicarbonate or lemon juice.
3- Put two or three tranches of white bread on one of the shelves in order absorbs odors refrigerator.
4- To be put clean food in the refrigerator, such as vegetables and meat so as not to affect the smell.
5-  coverage of acrid-smelling foods so as not to affect other foods and spread in the refrigerator.
Pour off the unpleasant odors:
1- Put a little bit of ammonia to the expulsion of household insects from around the litter box and to overcome the smell of garbage.
2- To hide the smell of pungent broccoli and cabbage during boiling add a piece of bread and a little cumin to boiling water.
3- run hood when cooking with strong flavored foods such as: seafood, onions and garlic.
4- Clean the hood on an ongoing basis Valdhun outstanding fan affect the efficiency in the absorption of odors.
5- To get rid of the smell of spices in the mill grind out a bit of toast.
6- Use a citrus fragrance spray and cleaning kitchen surfaces.
7- If you do not remove odors inside the microwave inside modes in accordance with its mixture of water and lemon juice in the middle and Ohalah on high heat for five minutes.
8- If there is the smell emanating from the slot drainage basin kitchen Put Cuba of antibacterial liquid discharge into the slot and leave for a day and then rinse with water the next day.
9- Put the amount of coffee powder for some time in the slot discharge reduces fat deposits inside.
10- To get rid of the smell of frying my little cup of chlorine near the pan and will absorb the chlorine smell of the oil.
11- Sprinkle some sodium bicarbonate powder for a night out on the carpet stains that cause smelly It helps in the absorption of this smell.
Aromatic kitchen:
1- Put the slices of orange and lemon peel in an open pot, or put some cloves and cinnamon in a bowl with water shall be published in the kitchen Burner smell.
2- If you want your kitchen smell of the national cake to burn a few of vanilla on fire.
3- Put a little sugar and a pinch of cinnamon in a metal pot and put it on the fire and will become your home smell of baked goods.
Innovative ways to perfume your home:
4- Put a few of your favorite perfume on a home bulbs extinguisher then Lighting it and spread fragrance throughout the house as soon as luminance.
5- Clean the internal sac electric broom well and then add a little bit of any aromatic prefer it oil in each the tumble broom time Satatr your home.
6- clean window Air Conditioning home well and then sprinkle with your favorite perfume, it will spread the fragrance throughout your home.
7- To perfume your bed Bring Old Mattress and Soak it in rose water and a few of your favorite fragrance and then dried and Put it under the bed mattress.
8- Make sure the presence of flowers and plants in different parts of the house to find a fragrant smell constantly.
9- You can add drops of essential oils like lavender soap and water when scanning flooring.
Bath home Manual your Cleaning
10- Make your bathroom clean and dry permanently.
11- Put drops of lemon juice and white vinegar in the water to rinse the bath base eliminates odor.
12- change your own trash bag bath every day in order not to accumulate garbage inside and a foul odor.

Smart bathroom odors

1- Put drops of oil of your favorite fragrance in the expulsion Fund gives a nice smell with each session.
2- You can put a perforated tray of sterilization bathroom Gel in expulsion Fund and thus eliminate of odors in your bathroom and you get a sterile bath for a month.
3- Put leftover savings your Boukhah 'and after cleaning Bathroom Dress spray on the walls and floors.
4- To decorate and perfuming your bathroom at once Bring a glass jar and put out by a group shells and add a little water and drops of essential oil a favorite for you and so you made Burner appliances will pass effect for three days and you can strengthen smell the fragrance by adding hot water to the mix.

How to eliminate unpleasant odors in your home

Posted at  6:32 PM - by maihoub ateya 1

 How to eliminate unpleasant odors in your home


One of the most embarrassing situations that guest comes to you and Jade smelly in your home, the time may Pay Most Expensive Price of purchase can save you from this smell .. If you suffer from this problem, here are some solutions without prohibitive costs:
Kitchen kingdom
If you find an unpleasant odor in the fridge, you can take these steps

1- Put a piece of coal or a piece of potato or a little vinegar or a little coffee or sodium bicarbonate in a small vase in the middle shelf of the unpleasant smell.
2- empty the refrigerator of all the contents of each period and well wash it using a cloth and warm water with the addition of drops of vinegar or sodium bicarbonate or lemon juice.
3- Put two or three tranches of white bread on one of the shelves in order absorbs odors refrigerator.
4- To be put clean food in the refrigerator, such as vegetables and meat so as not to affect the smell.
5-  coverage of acrid-smelling foods so as not to affect other foods and spread in the refrigerator.
Pour off the unpleasant odors:
1- Put a little bit of ammonia to the expulsion of household insects from around the litter box and to overcome the smell of garbage.
2- To hide the smell of pungent broccoli and cabbage during boiling add a piece of bread and a little cumin to boiling water.
3- run hood when cooking with strong flavored foods such as: seafood, onions and garlic.
4- Clean the hood on an ongoing basis Valdhun outstanding fan affect the efficiency in the absorption of odors.
5- To get rid of the smell of spices in the mill grind out a bit of toast.
6- Use a citrus fragrance spray and cleaning kitchen surfaces.
7- If you do not remove odors inside the microwave inside modes in accordance with its mixture of water and lemon juice in the middle and Ohalah on high heat for five minutes.
8- If there is the smell emanating from the slot drainage basin kitchen Put Cuba of antibacterial liquid discharge into the slot and leave for a day and then rinse with water the next day.
9- Put the amount of coffee powder for some time in the slot discharge reduces fat deposits inside.
10- To get rid of the smell of frying my little cup of chlorine near the pan and will absorb the chlorine smell of the oil.
11- Sprinkle some sodium bicarbonate powder for a night out on the carpet stains that cause smelly It helps in the absorption of this smell.
Aromatic kitchen:
1- Put the slices of orange and lemon peel in an open pot, or put some cloves and cinnamon in a bowl with water shall be published in the kitchen Burner smell.
2- If you want your kitchen smell of the national cake to burn a few of vanilla on fire.
3- Put a little sugar and a pinch of cinnamon in a metal pot and put it on the fire and will become your home smell of baked goods.
Innovative ways to perfume your home:
4- Put a few of your favorite perfume on a home bulbs extinguisher then Lighting it and spread fragrance throughout the house as soon as luminance.
5- Clean the internal sac electric broom well and then add a little bit of any aromatic prefer it oil in each the tumble broom time Satatr your home.
6- clean window Air Conditioning home well and then sprinkle with your favorite perfume, it will spread the fragrance throughout your home.
7- To perfume your bed Bring Old Mattress and Soak it in rose water and a few of your favorite fragrance and then dried and Put it under the bed mattress.
8- Make sure the presence of flowers and plants in different parts of the house to find a fragrant smell constantly.
9- You can add drops of essential oils like lavender soap and water when scanning flooring.
Bath home Manual your Cleaning
10- Make your bathroom clean and dry permanently.
11- Put drops of lemon juice and white vinegar in the water to rinse the bath base eliminates odor.
12- change your own trash bag bath every day in order not to accumulate garbage inside and a foul odor.

Smart bathroom odors

1- Put drops of oil of your favorite fragrance in the expulsion Fund gives a nice smell with each session.
2- You can put a perforated tray of sterilization bathroom Gel in expulsion Fund and thus eliminate of odors in your bathroom and you get a sterile bath for a month.
3- Put leftover savings your Boukhah 'and after cleaning Bathroom Dress spray on the walls and floors.
4- To decorate and perfuming your bathroom at once Bring a glass jar and put out by a group shells and add a little water and drops of essential oil a favorite for you and so you made Burner appliances will pass effect for three days and you can strengthen smell the fragrance by adding hot water to the mix.

1 التعليقات:

Saturday, June 15, 2013

Frozen water in the pipes
Of the problems faced by people in countries with very cold weather to freezing in winter freeze the water in the pipes where lead to an explosion of those pipes that carry frozen water and thus will cost is repairing pipes or replaced altogether a lot of expenses and this is in addition to the disruption of access water to homes and other problems caused by the water flow stopped, and that may not necessarily relating to domestic use and that could have been avoided if been followed ways to solve the problem.
In the first step you can take to solve this problem, you must replace pipes that do not bear the pressure caused by freezing water somehow able to do so, and it depends on the material used in the manufacture of pipes, which must bear the pressure on the internal aspects of the pipes and in the next step should be pipes somewhere away from the cold as if they are under the earth's surface and in the post there must be a link between the weather forecast and supervisors to pump water to households who work in companies are working on a water pump in the event of arrest predicted freezing, the pump hot water if possible, and thus the possibility of burst pipes close to zero and the wearer can avoid maintenance costs that can be conducted after each incident freeze.

How to avoid frozen water pipes

Posted at  5:34 AM - by maihoub ateya 0

Frozen water in the pipes
Of the problems faced by people in countries with very cold weather to freezing in winter freeze the water in the pipes where lead to an explosion of those pipes that carry frozen water and thus will cost is repairing pipes or replaced altogether a lot of expenses and this is in addition to the disruption of access water to homes and other problems caused by the water flow stopped, and that may not necessarily relating to domestic use and that could have been avoided if been followed ways to solve the problem.
In the first step you can take to solve this problem, you must replace pipes that do not bear the pressure caused by freezing water somehow able to do so, and it depends on the material used in the manufacture of pipes, which must bear the pressure on the internal aspects of the pipes and in the next step should be pipes somewhere away from the cold as if they are under the earth's surface and in the post there must be a link between the weather forecast and supervisors to pump water to households who work in companies are working on a water pump in the event of arrest predicted freezing, the pump hot water if possible, and thus the possibility of burst pipes close to zero and the wearer can avoid maintenance costs that can be conducted after each incident freeze.

0 التعليقات:

Friday, June 14, 2013

Interior plumbing and sewage works

First exchange purlins
 First must be equipped bathroom floor before making the exchange rate and that isolating well Lachish tar and mount it on the wall at 15 cm

And If we  inventory the existing bath we will find basin and tub and bath base, his hands and washing machine
Exchange are grouped all of the basin and bathtub, bedet and washer on the ground and siphon Used pipe diameter is 1.5 inches and siphon ground distracted on the exchange Mounor column 3 inches in diameter and would prefer not to spend directly on
Exchange column but by his elbow revealed door to easy wiring and maintenance
And be Mkhrkh siphon terrestrial higher insulation to the floor bathroom and preferably work pod wall Illuminator to go through it outrigger exchange siphon floor for a column exchange and this bursa a piece of pipe thickness wider than outrigger exchange Siphon and length so that the display wall Illuminator and prominent 2 cm from the finishing wall Almnormen outside and inside the bathroom prominent Alhat the 2 x


The base 4-inch pipe bathroom ceramic top 5-7 cm or 10 cm but preferably be from 5-7 cm
To be a great tendency helps waste disposal
And preferably also the work of the pod wall Illuminator exchange for al-Qaeda and also preferably not thrown on a column base exchange work directly but through his elbow revealed to the door wiring
And the base of the bathroom are two types in terms of the exchange type is purely directly on the Illuminator called base toilet letter p and another kind is far from the wall Illuminator is purely on the outrigger 4 inch flooring until it reaches column work and does not prefer the use of this type in the upper floors, and when used out of necessity must be fall bathroom tile from 15 to 20 cm and 10 cm no because mile ink in this case must be 2 cm per meter

Bathtub Exchange


In exchange Bathtub preferably be Siphon Aosrvh place place accessible to him any to Siphon ICON next to the wall, if it is possible to facilitate maintenance thereafter preferably also use siphon copper and not plastic for durability
And riding Bathtub himself Bmnsop of 35-40 cm of ceramic for easy entry and use

For Panyu also take into account the presence of edges for the walls so that the edges inside the ceramic distance of 1-2 cm and Aabad for ceramic distance allows water to seep between the bathtub and ceramics
Also preferably around the bathtub filled with sand soft clean liquid instead of mortar, because the sand can be pressed without leaving gaps and sand because water absorbs heat when you do not use the crack Bathtub body in the long term and also to easily change the bathtub when needed
He notes that the top edges of the bathtub formation on the balance and not awry because the ground itself is designed Askew Bathtub
After installation of the bathtub is sure to spend it when Siphon fill the bathtub with water and leave it on and see the link Siphon
In the case of Asnamal Jacuzzi bathtubs and that Mathur circuit take into account the very existence of a party's legacy of electricity to leaking any electricity may occur for refused result Contactless the water

Exchange bath tub
Take into account that the level of exchange at 50 cm from the ceramic

Well as washer Exchange 50 cm

So there is to distract the bathroom directors to siphon flooring outlet plugged sink and bathtub Bidiyah and the washing machine and a way out of the base of the bathroom

And shall be the focal points of purlins exchange floor at an angle 135 and not perpendicular or a sharp angle for easy exchange and the possibility of wiring
When you install for flooring supplies to Ayuda mortar to contact places to while ensuring the safety of connections

And then to make sure the seams are filled for water supplies and review places and repair the leak links if any

Then cover the entire mortar pipes and filling all the openings with a cloth or burlap even to Aatserb impurities inside the pipes and this is very important

And preferably have been the completion of routine business of conch bathroom ceiling and paint before work purlins exchange to reduce workers' incomes and broken pipes


Either kitchen Exchange be separate because it is far from the bathroom and also take into account the work of the wall of the pod Exchange and kitchen Exchange 2 inches and distracted on the exchange column and preferably also by his elbow revealed door for maintenance


Urinals Exchange

Drainage outlet 50-55 cm of ceramic


And taking into account that the be exits exchange for pools completely Aoualemtabkh header


Bathroom Appliance feed

Bath tub

Bath tub have a height of 80 cm from ceramics and takes place fed Bmkhrgen to a height of 50 cm and preferably 60 cm and because it it mixers such as Gacop or hand Mixer by dedicated link to the mixer (URL words of hose metal flexible) until it is used and does not work the other link
And shall be directors and two Sukhon and cold distance between them not exceeding 12 cm and it aesthetically even be behind the column, pelvis (in the case of pelvic column) as well as pelvic knee this if it will be used mixer tree any outside of the aquarium itself and the usual Lama if he will be installed mixer Normal wall higher pelvis Vmnsoph higher pelvic 20-25 cm

Feeding the bathroom or Alipidah base

Words of directors the first Shattaf on the level of 40-50 cm of ceramics
The other director to siphon the bottom of the first base a distance of 20-25 cm
And shall be a vertical line connecting between plumb filmmakers just the aesthetic and the hand away from the base exchange a distance of 30-40 cm for ease of use
And take into account the good that the level should be level with the level of director ceramic future by placing القده the ceramic and imagine the level and the level of ceramics Bihddh and there are no obstructions to the wall and anchored the wall


Bathtub feed

Mixer Bathtub Bacon top Bathtub distance of 25-30 cm and if was Bathtub level of 35-40 cm level of the mixer can be calculated from ceramic
And shall be directors Bathtub Afiqian-feeding completely and the distance between the X-directors of 15-17, preferably including an average 16 cm to the presence of Rgelash to mixer can be controlled
And take into account the good that the level should be the level of the mixer with the level of future ceramic by placing القده the Imagine levels Alaramek and ceramics Bihddh and there are no obstructions to the wall and anchored the wall

Sink feed

50 cm of ceramic and has a spigot subject her Bsboz has washer hose

Geyser feed

Attributed 140 for ceramic heater if electricity
And Bacon attributable 110 if gas heater to take into account the presence of chimney or Hobby Bacon height 45 cm and Beraay distance between filmmakers, hot and cold for the installation of 12 cm Alush nickel

Feeding foot tub

Mixer on level 90 cm ceramic and taking into account the above for the installation of the mixer


Feeding urinals

One exit on the 120-125 level of ceramics
It shall be the connecting line between the drainage outlet and nutrition my head completely

Feeding the kitchen sink

Kitchen sink level 90 cm of ceramic and topped the mixer a distance of 25-30 cm, taking into account the in a blender foregoing either if the mixer out of marble and kitchen suit falling within Alrkhamh nutrition with the level of exchange 50 55 cm



The experience of receiving the nutrition supply walls

Observed a pressure test on three stages as follows
First, fill water pipes through the machine test starting Pauty point a way out water siphon expulsion any blade machine test outlet siphon expulsion and after the entry into force of the water is shut filmmaker, one after another after the withdrawal of water from Btabh appropriate until we get to another exit, the highest output is used to feed the heater located on level of about 140 cm and is close is the other Bdoba suitable


The pressure is raised to 9 Air and review all links
After 15 minutes the pressure is leaking and bringing it back to 9 Joey for another 15 minutes and then leaked to zero again
For the third time the pressure is raised again to 9 Air for five minutes and thus ends the test and treat any defect to be discovered

Important Note
Are not taken to remove Tabat leave pending the completion of finishing work
When installing the devices after finishing leaks are reviewed shows and treatment

And taken into account in the case of the use of galvanized iron pipes that are isolated wrapped Boukich Moktrn and be galvanized supplies and are colored metallic-colored, not Black either feeding tubes Mounor prefers to be iron and is painted Balbremar not be plastic, they are affected by the sun and occurs cracks


General Information


Plumbing pipes of PVC and propylene

Pipes the pvc, consisting of three elements, namely carbon nitrogen, chlorine

There are kinds of pvc upvc cpvc

The UPVC are the same as the PVC and the letter u explain it is to Dinh used in cold drinking water only and drain pipes of procedure where it to اتتحمل temperature
As the cpvc indicates the letter c to where he is no chlorine higher density which gives it the highest heat resistance up to 103 degrees so used to drinking warm water pipes

Overall, upvc used to exchange
The feed water use cpvc or at least pvc
These types used type of alkylation in connection parts and preferably warm for U.S. alkylation German


There is another kind of expensive pipes in the price called propylene
It is the best parts are assembled with special welding machine

And take into account the formation of this bath oil pipes and not used flame
And taken into account as well as when you connect these pipes to enter intoTail in the head, and we know by then pull out about 1 cm when pasting to exist Distance to expansion and contraction


Galaturab

The words of a water barrier is placed in the distance between the exchange column and the manhole to prevent the stench of connected devices exchange column which all devices except the base of the bathroom are directly relates to the Chamber of Inspection

Manhole

Buildings about 60 sizes 60 60, taking into account the depth that this will be on the floor Concrete buildings thickness of 10 cm from all sides and must form a manhole ground mortar soft for easy exchange


Ventilation pipes
Used for buildings multiple roles and their toilets all Dorvoq some on a column one business and function working on the presence of air inside the column exchange even ايحدث dump air when you use one of the toilets are pulling water flush toilet, which underneath and the presence of air as a result pipe ventilation to cause air discharge
The ventilation pipe is placed on work or exchange column is higher than the highest level toilet and have a diameter of 2 inches
Any pipe that ventilation function to prevent the vacuum process and draw water from the toilet and not siphon any ventilation function to prevent odors drainage pipe

Interior plumbing and sewage works

Posted at  6:20 AM - by maihoub ateya 0

Interior plumbing and sewage works

First exchange purlins
 First must be equipped bathroom floor before making the exchange rate and that isolating well Lachish tar and mount it on the wall at 15 cm

And If we  inventory the existing bath we will find basin and tub and bath base, his hands and washing machine
Exchange are grouped all of the basin and bathtub, bedet and washer on the ground and siphon Used pipe diameter is 1.5 inches and siphon ground distracted on the exchange Mounor column 3 inches in diameter and would prefer not to spend directly on
Exchange column but by his elbow revealed door to easy wiring and maintenance
And be Mkhrkh siphon terrestrial higher insulation to the floor bathroom and preferably work pod wall Illuminator to go through it outrigger exchange siphon floor for a column exchange and this bursa a piece of pipe thickness wider than outrigger exchange Siphon and length so that the display wall Illuminator and prominent 2 cm from the finishing wall Almnormen outside and inside the bathroom prominent Alhat the 2 x


The base 4-inch pipe bathroom ceramic top 5-7 cm or 10 cm but preferably be from 5-7 cm
To be a great tendency helps waste disposal
And preferably also the work of the pod wall Illuminator exchange for al-Qaeda and also preferably not thrown on a column base exchange work directly but through his elbow revealed to the door wiring
And the base of the bathroom are two types in terms of the exchange type is purely directly on the Illuminator called base toilet letter p and another kind is far from the wall Illuminator is purely on the outrigger 4 inch flooring until it reaches column work and does not prefer the use of this type in the upper floors, and when used out of necessity must be fall bathroom tile from 15 to 20 cm and 10 cm no because mile ink in this case must be 2 cm per meter

Bathtub Exchange


In exchange Bathtub preferably be Siphon Aosrvh place place accessible to him any to Siphon ICON next to the wall, if it is possible to facilitate maintenance thereafter preferably also use siphon copper and not plastic for durability
And riding Bathtub himself Bmnsop of 35-40 cm of ceramic for easy entry and use

For Panyu also take into account the presence of edges for the walls so that the edges inside the ceramic distance of 1-2 cm and Aabad for ceramic distance allows water to seep between the bathtub and ceramics
Also preferably around the bathtub filled with sand soft clean liquid instead of mortar, because the sand can be pressed without leaving gaps and sand because water absorbs heat when you do not use the crack Bathtub body in the long term and also to easily change the bathtub when needed
He notes that the top edges of the bathtub formation on the balance and not awry because the ground itself is designed Askew Bathtub
After installation of the bathtub is sure to spend it when Siphon fill the bathtub with water and leave it on and see the link Siphon
In the case of Asnamal Jacuzzi bathtubs and that Mathur circuit take into account the very existence of a party's legacy of electricity to leaking any electricity may occur for refused result Contactless the water

Exchange bath tub
Take into account that the level of exchange at 50 cm from the ceramic

Well as washer Exchange 50 cm

So there is to distract the bathroom directors to siphon flooring outlet plugged sink and bathtub Bidiyah and the washing machine and a way out of the base of the bathroom

And shall be the focal points of purlins exchange floor at an angle 135 and not perpendicular or a sharp angle for easy exchange and the possibility of wiring
When you install for flooring supplies to Ayuda mortar to contact places to while ensuring the safety of connections

And then to make sure the seams are filled for water supplies and review places and repair the leak links if any

Then cover the entire mortar pipes and filling all the openings with a cloth or burlap even to Aatserb impurities inside the pipes and this is very important

And preferably have been the completion of routine business of conch bathroom ceiling and paint before work purlins exchange to reduce workers' incomes and broken pipes


Either kitchen Exchange be separate because it is far from the bathroom and also take into account the work of the wall of the pod Exchange and kitchen Exchange 2 inches and distracted on the exchange column and preferably also by his elbow revealed door for maintenance


Urinals Exchange

Drainage outlet 50-55 cm of ceramic


And taking into account that the be exits exchange for pools completely Aoualemtabkh header


Bathroom Appliance feed

Bath tub

Bath tub have a height of 80 cm from ceramics and takes place fed Bmkhrgen to a height of 50 cm and preferably 60 cm and because it it mixers such as Gacop or hand Mixer by dedicated link to the mixer (URL words of hose metal flexible) until it is used and does not work the other link
And shall be directors and two Sukhon and cold distance between them not exceeding 12 cm and it aesthetically even be behind the column, pelvis (in the case of pelvic column) as well as pelvic knee this if it will be used mixer tree any outside of the aquarium itself and the usual Lama if he will be installed mixer Normal wall higher pelvis Vmnsoph higher pelvic 20-25 cm

Feeding the bathroom or Alipidah base

Words of directors the first Shattaf on the level of 40-50 cm of ceramics
The other director to siphon the bottom of the first base a distance of 20-25 cm
And shall be a vertical line connecting between plumb filmmakers just the aesthetic and the hand away from the base exchange a distance of 30-40 cm for ease of use
And take into account the good that the level should be level with the level of director ceramic future by placing القده the ceramic and imagine the level and the level of ceramics Bihddh and there are no obstructions to the wall and anchored the wall


Bathtub feed

Mixer Bathtub Bacon top Bathtub distance of 25-30 cm and if was Bathtub level of 35-40 cm level of the mixer can be calculated from ceramic
And shall be directors Bathtub Afiqian-feeding completely and the distance between the X-directors of 15-17, preferably including an average 16 cm to the presence of Rgelash to mixer can be controlled
And take into account the good that the level should be the level of the mixer with the level of future ceramic by placing القده the Imagine levels Alaramek and ceramics Bihddh and there are no obstructions to the wall and anchored the wall

Sink feed

50 cm of ceramic and has a spigot subject her Bsboz has washer hose

Geyser feed

Attributed 140 for ceramic heater if electricity
And Bacon attributable 110 if gas heater to take into account the presence of chimney or Hobby Bacon height 45 cm and Beraay distance between filmmakers, hot and cold for the installation of 12 cm Alush nickel

Feeding foot tub

Mixer on level 90 cm ceramic and taking into account the above for the installation of the mixer


Feeding urinals

One exit on the 120-125 level of ceramics
It shall be the connecting line between the drainage outlet and nutrition my head completely

Feeding the kitchen sink

Kitchen sink level 90 cm of ceramic and topped the mixer a distance of 25-30 cm, taking into account the in a blender foregoing either if the mixer out of marble and kitchen suit falling within Alrkhamh nutrition with the level of exchange 50 55 cm



The experience of receiving the nutrition supply walls

Observed a pressure test on three stages as follows
First, fill water pipes through the machine test starting Pauty point a way out water siphon expulsion any blade machine test outlet siphon expulsion and after the entry into force of the water is shut filmmaker, one after another after the withdrawal of water from Btabh appropriate until we get to another exit, the highest output is used to feed the heater located on level of about 140 cm and is close is the other Bdoba suitable


The pressure is raised to 9 Air and review all links
After 15 minutes the pressure is leaking and bringing it back to 9 Joey for another 15 minutes and then leaked to zero again
For the third time the pressure is raised again to 9 Air for five minutes and thus ends the test and treat any defect to be discovered

Important Note
Are not taken to remove Tabat leave pending the completion of finishing work
When installing the devices after finishing leaks are reviewed shows and treatment

And taken into account in the case of the use of galvanized iron pipes that are isolated wrapped Boukich Moktrn and be galvanized supplies and are colored metallic-colored, not Black either feeding tubes Mounor prefers to be iron and is painted Balbremar not be plastic, they are affected by the sun and occurs cracks


General Information


Plumbing pipes of PVC and propylene

Pipes the pvc, consisting of three elements, namely carbon nitrogen, chlorine

There are kinds of pvc upvc cpvc

The UPVC are the same as the PVC and the letter u explain it is to Dinh used in cold drinking water only and drain pipes of procedure where it to اتتحمل temperature
As the cpvc indicates the letter c to where he is no chlorine higher density which gives it the highest heat resistance up to 103 degrees so used to drinking warm water pipes

Overall, upvc used to exchange
The feed water use cpvc or at least pvc
These types used type of alkylation in connection parts and preferably warm for U.S. alkylation German


There is another kind of expensive pipes in the price called propylene
It is the best parts are assembled with special welding machine

And take into account the formation of this bath oil pipes and not used flame
And taken into account as well as when you connect these pipes to enter intoTail in the head, and we know by then pull out about 1 cm when pasting to exist Distance to expansion and contraction


Galaturab

The words of a water barrier is placed in the distance between the exchange column and the manhole to prevent the stench of connected devices exchange column which all devices except the base of the bathroom are directly relates to the Chamber of Inspection

Manhole

Buildings about 60 sizes 60 60, taking into account the depth that this will be on the floor Concrete buildings thickness of 10 cm from all sides and must form a manhole ground mortar soft for easy exchange


Ventilation pipes
Used for buildings multiple roles and their toilets all Dorvoq some on a column one business and function working on the presence of air inside the column exchange even ايحدث dump air when you use one of the toilets are pulling water flush toilet, which underneath and the presence of air as a result pipe ventilation to cause air discharge
The ventilation pipe is placed on work or exchange column is higher than the highest level toilet and have a diameter of 2 inches
Any pipe that ventilation function to prevent the vacuum process and draw water from the toilet and not siphon any ventilation function to prevent odors drainage pipe

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Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Requirements to be met in drinking water reservoirs
Ground water tanks
Site requirements:
To be far away as possible from all sources of pollution so that at least away from (10) meters from any source of pollution sources such as septic tanks and assembly or sanitation groves or manholes.
That the location of the reservoir is low so as not to submerge rainwater laden dust, dirt and lead to contamination of water inside it, as it should be, up from the site groves exchange and allowing to be a direction of surface water from the reservoir to the Bayyara and not vice versa, must be level water storage tank Ground level higher than the sources of pollution, if any, including at least 50 cm.
If the water level high ground Jovi exchange must be done on the ground around the water tank so as to prevent the nomination to the inside of the tank.
Taken into account when creating ground water reservoirs to be adjacent to the extent possible to the entrance and in the case of Wall establish ground reservoirs within the construction of residential buildings shall be as close as possible to the entrance for easy filling or maintenance work is foreign to them.
Insulation requirements
Need to be walls and bottom ground reservoirs Court compact fully to prevent colds and so as not to be susceptible to contamination and that Ptlies bottom and walls of the reservoir from home and abroad Bljash cement with the addition of anti-nominated and required not to be a toxic substance and packaging the bottom and walls of the tank from the outside layers of insulation moisture horizontally and vertically.

Way to protect a textured ground water tank insulation
Account ground water tank capacity:
Must be commensurate Water tank capacity ground with a number of apartments and the beneficiary population and enough population for a period of at least two days and are estimated based on the rate of at least 100 liters / capita / day and not less tank capacity for (10 m3), so note the following:
In small enterprises (housing independent "villa" - a building consisting of two units, residential buildings not exceeding an area of ​​buildings 500 m 2) is recommended to be tank capacity ground 12 m3 with the addition of 3 m3 per dwelling unit or per 150 m 2 of additional spaces of buildings.
For large buildings:

B - feeding tubes are designed on the basis that the speed of the water does not exceed 8 feet / s of the lists of water and 5 ft / s for sub-tubes.
Capacity of the reservoir is estimated on the following basis:
A - enough storage capacity for water supply for 3 days and for the consumption of the population.

Based on that can determine the amount of water needed to fight the fire as follows:
- The amount of water to be stored for a network, if any guns = (500 - 750) gallons / min for a period ranging from 30-60 minutes.
- The required amount of water stored for fire hoses internal and external = 100 gallons / min for 30 minutes.
C - ground tank capacity = the amount of water required for fire (guns + fire hoses) + the required amount of water for public consumption.
Accessories that are mounted on ground water tank
Ground water tank provides the following pipes:
A - pipe feeding the reservoir from the public network and install a float valve.
B - withdrawn pipe water from the reservoir by pumping set to lift the top of the tank and install lock valve.
C - surplus pipe and exchange washing lines with lock valves with a note paint steel pipes adjacent to the textured water against rust and non-toxic.
Ride the ventilation pipe (diameter about 2 inches) with a ceiling reservoir and Pkua to the bottom at the end of the wire mesh to prevent the entry of insects.
Installed in ground water tanks ladders Bhari be resistant materials for steel and non-toxic to facilitate access to and out of the tanks to carry out maintenance work and periodic cleansing
Implementation and testing requirements:

Walls and floors coated with epoxy reservoirs or other materials used to prevent leakage of water.
Placed water and insulation to prevent leakage breakers among all construction joints, as tightly plugged all the plumbing vents and openings used in the implementation.
Establish a slab floor if they are located above the level of ground water by more than one meter on a layer of rubble المدكوك well, and put a layer anti-moisture, but if the slab floor is under attributed the expected water ground or close to it must cover the nave and all the faces of the external tank, including at least two layers of membranes saturated with asphalt.

Are tested insulating layers of Interior in the tank after the end of implementation, before the outer insulation, backfilling and so fill the tank with water for 48 hours, and treat the causes of any leak or nominated prove its existence before starting the outer insulation and filling is then tested the outer insulation after its implementation and after emptying the tank of water completely and left to dry.
Rubble:
Used to backfill around the tank materials of the type of backfill construction (selected) according to standard specifications Arabia and classification of American specifications for roads) or equivalent, and is filling the layers does not exceed the thickness of each 20 cm, and is KD Each layer mechanically until the achievement of the density of not less than 95% of the density Great dry that the measured density way of a test proctor, as amended, and shall oversee the implementation of the process of filling a technical specialist with experience in this business, and must conduct all field tests necessary to make sure backfilling and recording quality results on a regular basis.
Design requirements:
You must consider the technical assets when designing concrete armed slab floor and walls of ground reservoirs and when implemented works sealant water between الصبات different especially among slab floor and walls, vertical and also care Compasses iron vertical walls and horizontal slab floor and walls, vertical even be performed properly and secure under the influence of loads expected reservoir during their working life, such as the horizontal soil pressure, water pressure and any other unexpected loads, taking into account the work of the bond between different Concrete and especially among the bottom and vertical walls.
Are arming the walls and floor reservoirs nets the arm, prove by Aelchenakl and the chairs
Reinforcing bars used with a diameter as small as 10 mm diameter, 12 mm 14 mm in the armed resistance to cracks.
Provide ground reservoirs openings with lids of material cast iron shall comply with the Saudi standard No. (413/1985) and be kind of tight to prevent leakage of water into the tank with the installation of kink protection of material non-rust, corrosion and the need to raise the level of openings and lids on the level of reservoirs to avoid leakage of rain water or wash water into the reservoirs with protection and take precautions to ensure not to tamper with children or falling inside with committing engineering offices and advisory when preparing designs for water tanks ground to be sheeting own in accordance with the plans and designs its stomach and the accompanying Circular
Care must design the tank Roof Tile ground under the influence of the expected loads such as the weight of the soil layers above, as well as any unexpected live loads.
You must choose the path of the pipeline that feeds the reservoir floor of the public network as well as the pipes beyond him away from all potential sources of pollution and take the necessary precautions to isolate these pipes.
That is the work of a small decline in parts of the reservoir measuring at least (50 cm x 50 cm) and depth (25 cm) in the area under the pipe to withdraw water from the reservoir.
To work a little flair to the outside back of the roof of the tank for easy drainage.
Supplying pumps attached to the tank room (if the water level) Chamber of assembling water leaking from links with dimensions of 0.5 x 0.5 x 0.35 m and provides a submersible water pump for dewatering these waters.
Recommended paint the tank on the inside with certified proof for the formation of algae, bacteria and fungi inside the tank.
Installation of stairs under the safety covers ground water reservoirs.


Vertical sector in the ground water tank made of reinforced concrete
Rebar detailing

Periodic maintenance requirements:
Repair ground reservoirs in case of any damage to them and address leaks if any leaks appeared empty the tank of water, dried, and make the necessary treatment to prevent water leakage.
Care Balawamat and valves and fittings, cleaned and remove blockages from the salts, sediments and changed if damaged.
Care tanks and sealed so difficult open Oalabt.
Inspection and testing of pumps (parts of the transmission and motor control devices and electrical connections).
In the case of whether the ground works a reservoir tank for fire water, it must provide a permanent source of water fire during the maintenance process.
Oblige companies and institutions based maintenance work to secure the safety equipment for its members.
Overhead water tanks
Reservoir site requirements:
Taken into account in choosing a place reservoir to be created in a safe position to take into account when designing columns installation or floors to be designed to withstand the loads that will be exposed her and does not entail the implementation of any damages to the safety of the building from the construction and taken into account in the design of the building, taking into account the loads additional arise of the building is equipped with water tank in the cases of filling and discharge.
Take into account that the level of the bottom of the tanks at an altitude of at least 3 m on the roof top of the first beneficiary or at least 5 m on the highest level of health facilities and that this bottom rises from his roof rack 60 cm for easy installation and maintenance.
The upper reservoir types in terms of material used:
Steel tanks (steel tanks):
And which shall be welds aspects and angles soft and buried Article core and all the bottoms links tablet at the same level within the board, and the inner surfaces were exposed to the foot of the sandstone (SAND BLAST) with Aadakhozanat stainless steel, with the need to paint tanks steel from abroad, two-sided textured weatherproof Steel and non-toxic oily three aspects Balboah, and are available in the reservoir property of non-leaching of its aspects and Hall.
Tanks, glass fiber reinforced plastic
FIBRE GLASS REINFORCED PLASTIC TANKS
Water tanks made of reinforced concrete:
Observed in the reservoirs created from reinforced concrete be concrete mixing identical to what came foundations of the design and conditions of implementation of reinforced concrete in buildings for the concrete is executing the water with the addition of a suitable material increase property concrete for non-water permeability and the proportions correct and take into account the use of vibrators, mechanical, and must be the inner surface smooth the tank, this is done by using the appropriate whiteness, preferably aspects cladding and internally Hall faience tiles are beveled edges, and in all cases there must be a non-leaching property of sides and the bottom of the tank.
Insulation requirements:
Insulation against water leakage:
Shall take precautions previous to prevent water leakage.
Insulation against heat and atmospheric changes:
Shall enclose the reservoirs walls coverslip to protect it from atmospheric changes and leave space between the cabinets and walls of not less than 60 cm from each side, and in the case cover top of the tank should not be less than the distance between the top of the tank and the bottom of the ceiling of 80 cm with the need for the availability of slots proper ventilation around the reservoir, and in the If you do not enclose the reservoir Walls curtain should be available in its aspects and ceiling factors insulation adequate to prevent exposure of its contents to changes thermal disparate as stated booklet thermal insulation in buildings issued by the Deputy Ministry for Technical Affairs, also take into account the isolation of the piping on the exposed surfaces generally changes heat so as to prevent a large thermal changes in the contents, and this is done using the appropriate insulation materials and shoddy.
The expense of upper water tank capacity:
Determine the capacity of the reservoir on the basis of one-third of the daily consumption of units to be fed him taking into account the needs of each building fire.
There are three ways to calculate the approximate upper water tank capacity illustrated as follows: -
Basic rule:
And depend on the calculation capacity of the reservoir on the basis of 30 times the disposal of the pump per minute, this theory allows storage capacity for a period of 30 minutes and in the case of power failure or sudden water cuts to the public network and this is true only in the case that electricity or water cut off and the water level at the top level of the reservoir, and in this case would run the pumps no more than twice per hour.
Virtual method:
And depends on the sole discretion of the amount of water needed in a time of emergency and the duration of the emergency period expected, which is equivalent of 30% to 40% of the total daily consumption in addition to the inventory appropriate to extinguish the fire, in addition to taking into account the economic aspects, such as the cost of establishing the reservoir and the reflection effect of weight on Origin concrete.
Pump cycle:
Determine the capacity of the tank so that it does not increase the number of times the pump at about 6 times and this means to operate the pump for five minutes and stand for five minutes, and the smaller the number of times the pump at less the rate of consumption of the engine as well as perform maintenance operations.
Connections and accessories
Each tank provides the feed pipe mounted on a low level of the roof space of not less than 25 cm.
Provides each tank float diameter appropriately equipped with a valve on the pipe filling inflows to the reservoir to prevent high water level in the reservoir for the limit as a result of the possibility of high pressure water network degree above the level of filling due to the tank, and shall give a slot LED Tbarva equivalent to the disposal pipe filling that must to install the valve lock out the tank (valve can be dispensed with this buoy in the case of buildings higher than 30 meters), also take into account to provide each tank to feed the pipe diameter suitable building height of no less where it is given from the bottom of the tank about 10 cm.
Equipped with tanks pipe surplus in diameter by 1 inch, at least for Qatar pipe filling in the nutritional status of the city network directly with the observation that when feeding reservoirs pumps water must be pipe surplus diameter suitable allows the discharge of water coming from the pumps, which under pressure as it is in this case will be water coming from the pipe filling under pressure while the pipe surplus operate under gravity and ride this pipe at the level above the level of the water surface design inside the tank distance 10 cm, and must relate to pipe surplus either tank ground to pour it or call indirectly point discharge suitable ground floor and in a visible place, including with him can observe this increase in order to avoid wasting water, and in all cases, you should not overflow pipes connection to the drainage pipes in any way, and prefers to devote a separate pipe to drain the surplus extends to the bottom of the building.

Details of the upper reservoir connections
Tanks must be equipped with pipe diameter suitable laundering at least (1) inch by capacity of the reservoirs.
The reservoir, which provides more than 120 cm high external staircase to reach the surface and in the case of stairs inside the tank must be of a non-material steel, Gersama, wooden ramps can be used to moving to descend to the bottom of the tank from the inside.
If you use more than the upper tank These tanks are connected to some through drag pipes or through poise pipes.
Requirements for the design, implementation and maintenance:
Keep paint the walls and floors of reservoirs on the inside with weatherproof be algae, fungi and bacteria, so after washing tank of chlorine, as well as after each cleaning process.
Must be available in an insulating material reservoirs of water to prevent water infiltration from the reservoir and be Reservoir slot court so as not to allow the entry of dust and insects, rodents and weatherproof entry into force of the sun's rays.
Provides each tank pipe Laundry diameter ranging between inch and 4 inches depending on the size of the tank and put the level of the tank bottom (floor) and reach a pipe surplus with the need to work stopcock it opens time washing only, and take into account when creating these reservoirs to be a bottom tilted towards the slot washing mentioned Askew 0.5 cm per meter at least.
Each tank provides one or more pipe for ventilation related to the outside air penetrating the roof of the tank and ending inverted Pkua to balance the air pressure inside the tank preventing the Pressure and vacuum during filling and Altgreg and riding on the network mentioned elbow wire to prevent the entry of insects and exotic materials.
Working roof tank slot or more dimensions suitable not less than 70 × 80 cm, to go down inside to clean and maintain, and have this slot tight lid, as there must be a vacuum bottom of the tank at least a height of about 60 cm for easy installation of pipe washing and maintenance of the tank and pipes and devices attached to it.
Separate water tanks

Separate reservoirs is an upper cabinets arise sites that contain a range of housing low-rises (the role or roles) and is intended to ensure the needs of water has an economic and efficient manner.
Reservoir site requirements:
Taken into account in the selection of the reservoir site to be extensions of the reservoir and from it far from sources of pollution.
Must choose the site at the top of the tank at the site, taking into account the above.
Must when choosing a place reservoir into account the circumstances of urban sprawl Active.
Must choose the location and height of the tank to give a high water pressure of about (0.5 bar) to the top of the on-site facility.
Reservoir construction materials:
Prefers the use of reinforced concrete in such a case of the cheap cost and ability to make sizes in large tanks.
Insulation requirements:
That is isolated water pipes to and from the external tank against the sun, as well as isolate the walls of the tank.
Openings should be covered upper reservoirs to prevent the sun's rays and dust from entering the tank and prevent the growth of algae.
Water tank capacity account separate:
The tank capacity is calculated separate water in the same way as the upper water tank in clause
Are work landline tank add to the upper reservoir so that there is a fit between volumetric reservoirs to reduce the size of the upper reservoir, according to previous requirements.

Requirements to be met in drinking water reservoirs

Posted at  10:53 AM - by maihoub ateya 0

Requirements to be met in drinking water reservoirs
Ground water tanks
Site requirements:
To be far away as possible from all sources of pollution so that at least away from (10) meters from any source of pollution sources such as septic tanks and assembly or sanitation groves or manholes.
That the location of the reservoir is low so as not to submerge rainwater laden dust, dirt and lead to contamination of water inside it, as it should be, up from the site groves exchange and allowing to be a direction of surface water from the reservoir to the Bayyara and not vice versa, must be level water storage tank Ground level higher than the sources of pollution, if any, including at least 50 cm.
If the water level high ground Jovi exchange must be done on the ground around the water tank so as to prevent the nomination to the inside of the tank.
Taken into account when creating ground water reservoirs to be adjacent to the extent possible to the entrance and in the case of Wall establish ground reservoirs within the construction of residential buildings shall be as close as possible to the entrance for easy filling or maintenance work is foreign to them.
Insulation requirements
Need to be walls and bottom ground reservoirs Court compact fully to prevent colds and so as not to be susceptible to contamination and that Ptlies bottom and walls of the reservoir from home and abroad Bljash cement with the addition of anti-nominated and required not to be a toxic substance and packaging the bottom and walls of the tank from the outside layers of insulation moisture horizontally and vertically.

Way to protect a textured ground water tank insulation
Account ground water tank capacity:
Must be commensurate Water tank capacity ground with a number of apartments and the beneficiary population and enough population for a period of at least two days and are estimated based on the rate of at least 100 liters / capita / day and not less tank capacity for (10 m3), so note the following:
In small enterprises (housing independent "villa" - a building consisting of two units, residential buildings not exceeding an area of ​​buildings 500 m 2) is recommended to be tank capacity ground 12 m3 with the addition of 3 m3 per dwelling unit or per 150 m 2 of additional spaces of buildings.
For large buildings:

B - feeding tubes are designed on the basis that the speed of the water does not exceed 8 feet / s of the lists of water and 5 ft / s for sub-tubes.
Capacity of the reservoir is estimated on the following basis:
A - enough storage capacity for water supply for 3 days and for the consumption of the population.

Based on that can determine the amount of water needed to fight the fire as follows:
- The amount of water to be stored for a network, if any guns = (500 - 750) gallons / min for a period ranging from 30-60 minutes.
- The required amount of water stored for fire hoses internal and external = 100 gallons / min for 30 minutes.
C - ground tank capacity = the amount of water required for fire (guns + fire hoses) + the required amount of water for public consumption.
Accessories that are mounted on ground water tank
Ground water tank provides the following pipes:
A - pipe feeding the reservoir from the public network and install a float valve.
B - withdrawn pipe water from the reservoir by pumping set to lift the top of the tank and install lock valve.
C - surplus pipe and exchange washing lines with lock valves with a note paint steel pipes adjacent to the textured water against rust and non-toxic.
Ride the ventilation pipe (diameter about 2 inches) with a ceiling reservoir and Pkua to the bottom at the end of the wire mesh to prevent the entry of insects.
Installed in ground water tanks ladders Bhari be resistant materials for steel and non-toxic to facilitate access to and out of the tanks to carry out maintenance work and periodic cleansing
Implementation and testing requirements:

Walls and floors coated with epoxy reservoirs or other materials used to prevent leakage of water.
Placed water and insulation to prevent leakage breakers among all construction joints, as tightly plugged all the plumbing vents and openings used in the implementation.
Establish a slab floor if they are located above the level of ground water by more than one meter on a layer of rubble المدكوك well, and put a layer anti-moisture, but if the slab floor is under attributed the expected water ground or close to it must cover the nave and all the faces of the external tank, including at least two layers of membranes saturated with asphalt.

Are tested insulating layers of Interior in the tank after the end of implementation, before the outer insulation, backfilling and so fill the tank with water for 48 hours, and treat the causes of any leak or nominated prove its existence before starting the outer insulation and filling is then tested the outer insulation after its implementation and after emptying the tank of water completely and left to dry.
Rubble:
Used to backfill around the tank materials of the type of backfill construction (selected) according to standard specifications Arabia and classification of American specifications for roads) or equivalent, and is filling the layers does not exceed the thickness of each 20 cm, and is KD Each layer mechanically until the achievement of the density of not less than 95% of the density Great dry that the measured density way of a test proctor, as amended, and shall oversee the implementation of the process of filling a technical specialist with experience in this business, and must conduct all field tests necessary to make sure backfilling and recording quality results on a regular basis.
Design requirements:
You must consider the technical assets when designing concrete armed slab floor and walls of ground reservoirs and when implemented works sealant water between الصبات different especially among slab floor and walls, vertical and also care Compasses iron vertical walls and horizontal slab floor and walls, vertical even be performed properly and secure under the influence of loads expected reservoir during their working life, such as the horizontal soil pressure, water pressure and any other unexpected loads, taking into account the work of the bond between different Concrete and especially among the bottom and vertical walls.
Are arming the walls and floor reservoirs nets the arm, prove by Aelchenakl and the chairs
Reinforcing bars used with a diameter as small as 10 mm diameter, 12 mm 14 mm in the armed resistance to cracks.
Provide ground reservoirs openings with lids of material cast iron shall comply with the Saudi standard No. (413/1985) and be kind of tight to prevent leakage of water into the tank with the installation of kink protection of material non-rust, corrosion and the need to raise the level of openings and lids on the level of reservoirs to avoid leakage of rain water or wash water into the reservoirs with protection and take precautions to ensure not to tamper with children or falling inside with committing engineering offices and advisory when preparing designs for water tanks ground to be sheeting own in accordance with the plans and designs its stomach and the accompanying Circular
Care must design the tank Roof Tile ground under the influence of the expected loads such as the weight of the soil layers above, as well as any unexpected live loads.
You must choose the path of the pipeline that feeds the reservoir floor of the public network as well as the pipes beyond him away from all potential sources of pollution and take the necessary precautions to isolate these pipes.
That is the work of a small decline in parts of the reservoir measuring at least (50 cm x 50 cm) and depth (25 cm) in the area under the pipe to withdraw water from the reservoir.
To work a little flair to the outside back of the roof of the tank for easy drainage.
Supplying pumps attached to the tank room (if the water level) Chamber of assembling water leaking from links with dimensions of 0.5 x 0.5 x 0.35 m and provides a submersible water pump for dewatering these waters.
Recommended paint the tank on the inside with certified proof for the formation of algae, bacteria and fungi inside the tank.
Installation of stairs under the safety covers ground water reservoirs.


Vertical sector in the ground water tank made of reinforced concrete
Rebar detailing

Periodic maintenance requirements:
Repair ground reservoirs in case of any damage to them and address leaks if any leaks appeared empty the tank of water, dried, and make the necessary treatment to prevent water leakage.
Care Balawamat and valves and fittings, cleaned and remove blockages from the salts, sediments and changed if damaged.
Care tanks and sealed so difficult open Oalabt.
Inspection and testing of pumps (parts of the transmission and motor control devices and electrical connections).
In the case of whether the ground works a reservoir tank for fire water, it must provide a permanent source of water fire during the maintenance process.
Oblige companies and institutions based maintenance work to secure the safety equipment for its members.
Overhead water tanks
Reservoir site requirements:
Taken into account in choosing a place reservoir to be created in a safe position to take into account when designing columns installation or floors to be designed to withstand the loads that will be exposed her and does not entail the implementation of any damages to the safety of the building from the construction and taken into account in the design of the building, taking into account the loads additional arise of the building is equipped with water tank in the cases of filling and discharge.
Take into account that the level of the bottom of the tanks at an altitude of at least 3 m on the roof top of the first beneficiary or at least 5 m on the highest level of health facilities and that this bottom rises from his roof rack 60 cm for easy installation and maintenance.
The upper reservoir types in terms of material used:
Steel tanks (steel tanks):
And which shall be welds aspects and angles soft and buried Article core and all the bottoms links tablet at the same level within the board, and the inner surfaces were exposed to the foot of the sandstone (SAND BLAST) with Aadakhozanat stainless steel, with the need to paint tanks steel from abroad, two-sided textured weatherproof Steel and non-toxic oily three aspects Balboah, and are available in the reservoir property of non-leaching of its aspects and Hall.
Tanks, glass fiber reinforced plastic
FIBRE GLASS REINFORCED PLASTIC TANKS
Water tanks made of reinforced concrete:
Observed in the reservoirs created from reinforced concrete be concrete mixing identical to what came foundations of the design and conditions of implementation of reinforced concrete in buildings for the concrete is executing the water with the addition of a suitable material increase property concrete for non-water permeability and the proportions correct and take into account the use of vibrators, mechanical, and must be the inner surface smooth the tank, this is done by using the appropriate whiteness, preferably aspects cladding and internally Hall faience tiles are beveled edges, and in all cases there must be a non-leaching property of sides and the bottom of the tank.
Insulation requirements:
Insulation against water leakage:
Shall take precautions previous to prevent water leakage.
Insulation against heat and atmospheric changes:
Shall enclose the reservoirs walls coverslip to protect it from atmospheric changes and leave space between the cabinets and walls of not less than 60 cm from each side, and in the case cover top of the tank should not be less than the distance between the top of the tank and the bottom of the ceiling of 80 cm with the need for the availability of slots proper ventilation around the reservoir, and in the If you do not enclose the reservoir Walls curtain should be available in its aspects and ceiling factors insulation adequate to prevent exposure of its contents to changes thermal disparate as stated booklet thermal insulation in buildings issued by the Deputy Ministry for Technical Affairs, also take into account the isolation of the piping on the exposed surfaces generally changes heat so as to prevent a large thermal changes in the contents, and this is done using the appropriate insulation materials and shoddy.
The expense of upper water tank capacity:
Determine the capacity of the reservoir on the basis of one-third of the daily consumption of units to be fed him taking into account the needs of each building fire.
There are three ways to calculate the approximate upper water tank capacity illustrated as follows: -
Basic rule:
And depend on the calculation capacity of the reservoir on the basis of 30 times the disposal of the pump per minute, this theory allows storage capacity for a period of 30 minutes and in the case of power failure or sudden water cuts to the public network and this is true only in the case that electricity or water cut off and the water level at the top level of the reservoir, and in this case would run the pumps no more than twice per hour.
Virtual method:
And depends on the sole discretion of the amount of water needed in a time of emergency and the duration of the emergency period expected, which is equivalent of 30% to 40% of the total daily consumption in addition to the inventory appropriate to extinguish the fire, in addition to taking into account the economic aspects, such as the cost of establishing the reservoir and the reflection effect of weight on Origin concrete.
Pump cycle:
Determine the capacity of the tank so that it does not increase the number of times the pump at about 6 times and this means to operate the pump for five minutes and stand for five minutes, and the smaller the number of times the pump at less the rate of consumption of the engine as well as perform maintenance operations.
Connections and accessories
Each tank provides the feed pipe mounted on a low level of the roof space of not less than 25 cm.
Provides each tank float diameter appropriately equipped with a valve on the pipe filling inflows to the reservoir to prevent high water level in the reservoir for the limit as a result of the possibility of high pressure water network degree above the level of filling due to the tank, and shall give a slot LED Tbarva equivalent to the disposal pipe filling that must to install the valve lock out the tank (valve can be dispensed with this buoy in the case of buildings higher than 30 meters), also take into account to provide each tank to feed the pipe diameter suitable building height of no less where it is given from the bottom of the tank about 10 cm.
Equipped with tanks pipe surplus in diameter by 1 inch, at least for Qatar pipe filling in the nutritional status of the city network directly with the observation that when feeding reservoirs pumps water must be pipe surplus diameter suitable allows the discharge of water coming from the pumps, which under pressure as it is in this case will be water coming from the pipe filling under pressure while the pipe surplus operate under gravity and ride this pipe at the level above the level of the water surface design inside the tank distance 10 cm, and must relate to pipe surplus either tank ground to pour it or call indirectly point discharge suitable ground floor and in a visible place, including with him can observe this increase in order to avoid wasting water, and in all cases, you should not overflow pipes connection to the drainage pipes in any way, and prefers to devote a separate pipe to drain the surplus extends to the bottom of the building.

Details of the upper reservoir connections
Tanks must be equipped with pipe diameter suitable laundering at least (1) inch by capacity of the reservoirs.
The reservoir, which provides more than 120 cm high external staircase to reach the surface and in the case of stairs inside the tank must be of a non-material steel, Gersama, wooden ramps can be used to moving to descend to the bottom of the tank from the inside.
If you use more than the upper tank These tanks are connected to some through drag pipes or through poise pipes.
Requirements for the design, implementation and maintenance:
Keep paint the walls and floors of reservoirs on the inside with weatherproof be algae, fungi and bacteria, so after washing tank of chlorine, as well as after each cleaning process.
Must be available in an insulating material reservoirs of water to prevent water infiltration from the reservoir and be Reservoir slot court so as not to allow the entry of dust and insects, rodents and weatherproof entry into force of the sun's rays.
Provides each tank pipe Laundry diameter ranging between inch and 4 inches depending on the size of the tank and put the level of the tank bottom (floor) and reach a pipe surplus with the need to work stopcock it opens time washing only, and take into account when creating these reservoirs to be a bottom tilted towards the slot washing mentioned Askew 0.5 cm per meter at least.
Each tank provides one or more pipe for ventilation related to the outside air penetrating the roof of the tank and ending inverted Pkua to balance the air pressure inside the tank preventing the Pressure and vacuum during filling and Altgreg and riding on the network mentioned elbow wire to prevent the entry of insects and exotic materials.
Working roof tank slot or more dimensions suitable not less than 70 × 80 cm, to go down inside to clean and maintain, and have this slot tight lid, as there must be a vacuum bottom of the tank at least a height of about 60 cm for easy installation of pipe washing and maintenance of the tank and pipes and devices attached to it.
Separate water tanks

Separate reservoirs is an upper cabinets arise sites that contain a range of housing low-rises (the role or roles) and is intended to ensure the needs of water has an economic and efficient manner.
Reservoir site requirements:
Taken into account in the selection of the reservoir site to be extensions of the reservoir and from it far from sources of pollution.
Must choose the site at the top of the tank at the site, taking into account the above.
Must when choosing a place reservoir into account the circumstances of urban sprawl Active.
Must choose the location and height of the tank to give a high water pressure of about (0.5 bar) to the top of the on-site facility.
Reservoir construction materials:
Prefers the use of reinforced concrete in such a case of the cheap cost and ability to make sizes in large tanks.
Insulation requirements:
That is isolated water pipes to and from the external tank against the sun, as well as isolate the walls of the tank.
Openings should be covered upper reservoirs to prevent the sun's rays and dust from entering the tank and prevent the growth of algae.
Water tank capacity account separate:
The tank capacity is calculated separate water in the same way as the upper water tank in clause
Are work landline tank add to the upper reservoir so that there is a fit between volumetric reservoirs to reduce the size of the upper reservoir, according to previous requirements.

0 التعليقات:

Monday, June 10, 2013


 how to maintenance toilet injure
Mostly used plumbing fixture in a house is undoubtedly the toilet. In most homes, there are multiple toilet
. Since the toilet is such a critical part of modern plumbing, problems with it are likely to require immediate attention. For any problem related to toilets, look to your experts at Plumber Philadelphia to provide professional service. Your expert plumbers can also give you useful tips to tackle some of these problems yourself.
Toilet Fixing and Repair
It is almost certainly helpful for you to begin by understanding how your toilet works, and what its composing parts include. Pushing down the toilet handle pulls a chain which releases the tank's flush valve. The valve lifts up, uncovering a hole through which the water in the tank rapidly surges down into the bowl. Once the tank is empty, the blush valve goes back to its resting position in at the tank bottom.
in order for effluent to be cleared from the bowl, large quantities of speedy flowing water are needed to activate the siphon. This siphon sucks everything down the drain. The filler float and water level in the tank fall at the same time. When the filler float drops, it activates the replenish valve. The tank and basin are filled by the water that comes through the replenish valve. As the tank fills with water, the float rises. When it reaches the proper level, it will deactivate the refill valve. If the refill valve fails to deactivate, the overflow tube within the tank will drain off the excess water, thus stopping any flooding that might occur. 
alfunctioning Toilets
conversely things do go wrong at times: toilets that are clogged, leak or overflow, are all examples of the most common toilet problems. When these problems occur, contact your Plumber for recommendation on repairing it yourself. If the problem is too big for you to grip, your plumber can come to your house to fix it.
Replacing Old Toilets & Installing New Ones
By following just a few simple steps, you can easily replace old toilets and install new ones.
1.     First, close the shutoff valve located next to your toilet. This disconnects the water supply and prevents flooding.
2.     Remove the water line from the tank, and attach a new line to your replacement tank. Before removing them, empty the old tank and old bowl.
3.     Your fixture will be hard enough to move without adding extra water to its weight. Take all the nuts and bolts out, and discard them. Fasten new ones to the matching parts of your new toilet.

how to maintenance toilet damage

Posted at  10:08 AM - by maihoub ateya 0


 how to maintenance toilet injure
Mostly used plumbing fixture in a house is undoubtedly the toilet. In most homes, there are multiple toilet
. Since the toilet is such a critical part of modern plumbing, problems with it are likely to require immediate attention. For any problem related to toilets, look to your experts at Plumber Philadelphia to provide professional service. Your expert plumbers can also give you useful tips to tackle some of these problems yourself.
Toilet Fixing and Repair
It is almost certainly helpful for you to begin by understanding how your toilet works, and what its composing parts include. Pushing down the toilet handle pulls a chain which releases the tank's flush valve. The valve lifts up, uncovering a hole through which the water in the tank rapidly surges down into the bowl. Once the tank is empty, the blush valve goes back to its resting position in at the tank bottom.
in order for effluent to be cleared from the bowl, large quantities of speedy flowing water are needed to activate the siphon. This siphon sucks everything down the drain. The filler float and water level in the tank fall at the same time. When the filler float drops, it activates the replenish valve. The tank and basin are filled by the water that comes through the replenish valve. As the tank fills with water, the float rises. When it reaches the proper level, it will deactivate the refill valve. If the refill valve fails to deactivate, the overflow tube within the tank will drain off the excess water, thus stopping any flooding that might occur. 
alfunctioning Toilets
conversely things do go wrong at times: toilets that are clogged, leak or overflow, are all examples of the most common toilet problems. When these problems occur, contact your Plumber for recommendation on repairing it yourself. If the problem is too big for you to grip, your plumber can come to your house to fix it.
Replacing Old Toilets & Installing New Ones
By following just a few simple steps, you can easily replace old toilets and install new ones.
1.     First, close the shutoff valve located next to your toilet. This disconnects the water supply and prevents flooding.
2.     Remove the water line from the tank, and attach a new line to your replacement tank. Before removing them, empty the old tank and old bowl.
3.     Your fixture will be hard enough to move without adding extra water to its weight. Take all the nuts and bolts out, and discard them. Fasten new ones to the matching parts of your new toilet.

0 التعليقات:

Friday, June 7, 2013

 How to keep the water inside your home

Water conservation in the home...
maintenance your toilet
1. Don't use the toilet as an ashtray or wastebasket
Every time you flush a cigarette butt, facial tissue or other small bit of trash, five to seven gallons of water is wasted.
maintenance your faucets
2. Check faucets and pipes for leaks
A small drip from a worn faucet washer can waste 20 gallons of water per day. Larger leaks can waste hundreds of gallons.


3. Use your water meter to check for hidden water leaks
Read the house water meter before and after a two-hour period when no water is being used. If the meter does not read exactly the same, there is a leak. 
4. Install water-saving shower heads and low-flow faucet aerators 
Inexpensive 
water-saving low-flow shower heads or restrictors are easy for the homeowner to install. Also, long, hot showers can use five to ten gallons every unneeded minute. Limit your showers to the time it takes to soap up, wash down and rinse off. "Low-flow" means it uses less than 2.5 gallons per minute.
You can easily install a showerhead
or add a ShowerStart converter  to existing showerheads, which automatically pauses a running shower once it gets warm. 
Also, all household faucets should be fit with aerators
This single best home water conservation method is also the cheapest!

5. Check your toilets for leaks
Put a little food coloring in your toilet tank. If, without flushing, the color begins to appear in the bowl within 30 minutes, you have a leak that should be repaired immediately. Most replacement parts are inexpensive and easy to install.

6. Put plastic bottles or float booster in your toilet tank

To cut down on water waste, put an inch or two of sand or pebbles inside each of two plastic bottles to weigh them down. Fill the bottles with water, screw the lids on, and put them in your toilet tank, safely away from the operating mechanisms. Or, buy an inexpensive 
tank bank or float booster. This may save ten or more gallons of water per day. 

Be sure at least 3 gallons of water remain in the tank so it will flush properly. If there is not enough water to get a proper flush, users will hold the lever down too long or do multiple flushes to get rid of waste. Two flushings at 1.4 gallons is worse than a single 2.0 gallon flush. A better suggestion would be to buy an 
adjustable toilet flapperthat allow for adjustment of their per flush use.  Then the user can adjust the flush rate to the minimum per flush setting that achieves a single good flush each time.

For new installations, consider buying "low flush" toilets, which use 1 to 2 gallons per flush instead of the usual 3 to 5 gallons.

Replacing an 18 liter per flush toilet with an ultra-low volume (ULV) 6 liter flush model represents a 70% savings in water flushed and will cut indoor water use by about 30%.


7. Insulate your water pipes. 
It's easy and inexpensive to
 insulate your water pipes with pre-slit foam pipe insulation. You'll get hot water faster plus avoid wasting water while it heats up.

8. Take shorter showers.
One way to cut down on water use is to turn off the shower after soaping up, then turn it back on to rinse. A four-minute shower uses approximately 20 to 40 gallons of water.

9. Turn off the water after you wet your toothbrush
There is no need to keep the water running while brushing your teeth. Just wet your brush and fill a glass for mouth rinsing.

10. Rinse your razor in the sink
Fill the sink with a few inches of warm water. This will rinse your razor just as well as running water, with far less waste of water.

maintenance your dishwasher
11. Use your dishwasher and clothes washer for only full loads
Automatic dishwashers and clothes washers should be fully loaded for optimum water conservation. Most makers of dishwashing soap recomend not pre-rinsing dishes which is a big water savings. 
With clothes washers, avoid the permanent press cycle, which uses an added 20 liters (5 gallons) for the extra rinse. For partial loads, adjust water levels to match the size of the load. Replace old clothes washers. New Energy Star rated washers use 35 - 50% less water and 50% less energy per load. If you're in the market for a new clothes washer, consider buying a water-saving 
frontload washer. 


12. Minimize use of kitchen sink garbage disposal units
In-sink 'garburators' require lots of water to operate properly, and also add considerably to the volume of solids in a septic tank which can lead to maintenance problems. Start a 
compost pile as an alternate method of disposing food waste. 

13. When washing dishes by hand, don't leave the water running for rinsing
If your have a double-basin, fill one with soapy water and one with rinse water. If you have a single-basin sink, gather washed dishes in a dish rack and rinse them with a spray device or a panful of hot water. 
Dual-swivel aerators are available to make this easier. If using a dishwasher, there is usually no need to pre-rinse the dishes.

14. Don't let the faucet run while you clean vegetables
Just rinse them in a stoppered sink or a pan of clean water. Use a 
dual-setting aerator.

15. Keep a bottle of drinking water in the fridge.

Running tap water to cool it off for drinking water is wasteful. Store drinking water in the fridge in a 
safe drinking bottle. If you are filling water bottles to bring along on outdoor hikes, consider buying a LifeStraw personal water filter which enables users to drink water safely from rivers or lakes or any available body of water.

maintenance your home
Water conservation in the yard and garden... 

16. Plant drought-resistant lawns, shrubs and plants

If you are planting a new lawn, or overseeding an existing lawn, use drought-resistant grasses such as the new
"Eco-Lawn".
Many beautiful shrubs and plants thrive with far less watering than other species. Replace herbaceous perennial borders with native plants. Native plants will use less water and be more resistant to local plant diseases. Consider applying the principles of 
xeriscape for a low-maintenance, drought resistant yard.
Plant slopes with plants that will retain water and help reduce runoff.
Group plants according to their watering needs.


17. Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants

Mulch will slow evaporation of moisture while discouraging weed growth. Adding 2 - 4 inches of organic material such as compost or bark mulch will increase the ability of the soil to retain moisture. Press the mulch down around the dripline of each plant to form a slight depression which will prevent or minimize water runoff. 
For information about different mulch materials and their best use, 
click here.

18. Don't water the gutter
Position your sprinklers so water lands on the lawn or garden,
 not on paved areas. Also, avoid watering on windy days

19. Water your lawn only when it needs it

A good way to see if your lawn needs watering is to step on the grass If it springs back up when you move it doesn't need water If it stays flat the lawn is ready for watering Letting the grass grow taller (to 3") will also promote water retention in the soil
Most lawns only need about 1" of water each week During dry spells you can stop watering altogether and the lawn will go brown and dormant Once cooler weather arrives the morning dew and rainfall will bring the lawn back to its usual vigor This may result in a brown summer lawn but it saves a lot of water


20. Deep-soak your lawn

When watering the lawn do it long enough for the moisture to soak down to the roots where it will do the most good A light sprinkling can evaporate quickly and tends to encourage shallow root systems Put an empty tuna can on your lawn  when it's full you've watered about the right amount Visit our 
natural lawn care page for more information

21. Water during the early parts of the day
avoid watering when it's windy
Early morning is generally better than dusk since it helps prevent the growth of fungus. Early watering and late watering, also reduce water loss to evaporation Watering early in the day is also the best defence against slugs and other garden pests. Try not to water when it's windy  wind can blow sprinklers off target and speed evaporation.
 

22. Add organic matter and use efficient watering systems for shrubs, flower beds and lawns
Adding organic material to your soil will help increase its absorption and water retention. Areas which are already planted can be top dressed with compost or organic matter.
You can greatly reduce the amount of water used for shrubs, beds and lawns by:
- the strategic placement of 
soaker hoses
- installing a 
rain barrel water catchment system
- installing a simple 
drip-irrigation system
Avoid over-watering plants and shrubs as this can actually diminish plant health and cause yellowing of the leaves
When hand watering use a 
variable spray nozzle
 for targeted watering

23. Don't run the hose while washing your car

Clean the car using a pail of soapy water Use the hose only for rinsing  this simple practice can save as much as 150 gallons when washing a car Use a spray nozzle when rinsing for more efficient use of water Better yet use a 
waterless car washing system there are several brands such as EcoTouch which are now on the market

24. Use a broom, not a hose, to clean driveways and sidewalks
 
maintenance your hoses, faucets and couplings
 25. Check for leaks in pipes, hoses, faucets and couplingsLeaks outside the house may not seem as bad since they're not as visible. But they can be just as wasteful as leaks indoors Check frequently to keep them drip-free Use hose washers at spigots and hose connections to eliminate leaks.

Water conservation comes naturally when everyone in the family is aware of its importance, and parents take the time to teach children some of the simple water-saving methods around the home which can make a big difference.

How to keep the water inside your home

Posted at  7:34 AM - by maihoub ateya 0

 How to keep the water inside your home

Water conservation in the home...
maintenance your toilet
1. Don't use the toilet as an ashtray or wastebasket
Every time you flush a cigarette butt, facial tissue or other small bit of trash, five to seven gallons of water is wasted.
maintenance your faucets
2. Check faucets and pipes for leaks
A small drip from a worn faucet washer can waste 20 gallons of water per day. Larger leaks can waste hundreds of gallons.


3. Use your water meter to check for hidden water leaks
Read the house water meter before and after a two-hour period when no water is being used. If the meter does not read exactly the same, there is a leak. 
4. Install water-saving shower heads and low-flow faucet aerators 
Inexpensive 
water-saving low-flow shower heads or restrictors are easy for the homeowner to install. Also, long, hot showers can use five to ten gallons every unneeded minute. Limit your showers to the time it takes to soap up, wash down and rinse off. "Low-flow" means it uses less than 2.5 gallons per minute.
You can easily install a showerhead
or add a ShowerStart converter  to existing showerheads, which automatically pauses a running shower once it gets warm. 
Also, all household faucets should be fit with aerators
This single best home water conservation method is also the cheapest!

5. Check your toilets for leaks
Put a little food coloring in your toilet tank. If, without flushing, the color begins to appear in the bowl within 30 minutes, you have a leak that should be repaired immediately. Most replacement parts are inexpensive and easy to install.

6. Put plastic bottles or float booster in your toilet tank

To cut down on water waste, put an inch or two of sand or pebbles inside each of two plastic bottles to weigh them down. Fill the bottles with water, screw the lids on, and put them in your toilet tank, safely away from the operating mechanisms. Or, buy an inexpensive 
tank bank or float booster. This may save ten or more gallons of water per day. 

Be sure at least 3 gallons of water remain in the tank so it will flush properly. If there is not enough water to get a proper flush, users will hold the lever down too long or do multiple flushes to get rid of waste. Two flushings at 1.4 gallons is worse than a single 2.0 gallon flush. A better suggestion would be to buy an 
adjustable toilet flapperthat allow for adjustment of their per flush use.  Then the user can adjust the flush rate to the minimum per flush setting that achieves a single good flush each time.

For new installations, consider buying "low flush" toilets, which use 1 to 2 gallons per flush instead of the usual 3 to 5 gallons.

Replacing an 18 liter per flush toilet with an ultra-low volume (ULV) 6 liter flush model represents a 70% savings in water flushed and will cut indoor water use by about 30%.


7. Insulate your water pipes. 
It's easy and inexpensive to
 insulate your water pipes with pre-slit foam pipe insulation. You'll get hot water faster plus avoid wasting water while it heats up.

8. Take shorter showers.
One way to cut down on water use is to turn off the shower after soaping up, then turn it back on to rinse. A four-minute shower uses approximately 20 to 40 gallons of water.

9. Turn off the water after you wet your toothbrush
There is no need to keep the water running while brushing your teeth. Just wet your brush and fill a glass for mouth rinsing.

10. Rinse your razor in the sink
Fill the sink with a few inches of warm water. This will rinse your razor just as well as running water, with far less waste of water.

maintenance your dishwasher
11. Use your dishwasher and clothes washer for only full loads
Automatic dishwashers and clothes washers should be fully loaded for optimum water conservation. Most makers of dishwashing soap recomend not pre-rinsing dishes which is a big water savings. 
With clothes washers, avoid the permanent press cycle, which uses an added 20 liters (5 gallons) for the extra rinse. For partial loads, adjust water levels to match the size of the load. Replace old clothes washers. New Energy Star rated washers use 35 - 50% less water and 50% less energy per load. If you're in the market for a new clothes washer, consider buying a water-saving 
frontload washer. 


12. Minimize use of kitchen sink garbage disposal units
In-sink 'garburators' require lots of water to operate properly, and also add considerably to the volume of solids in a septic tank which can lead to maintenance problems. Start a 
compost pile as an alternate method of disposing food waste. 

13. When washing dishes by hand, don't leave the water running for rinsing
If your have a double-basin, fill one with soapy water and one with rinse water. If you have a single-basin sink, gather washed dishes in a dish rack and rinse them with a spray device or a panful of hot water. 
Dual-swivel aerators are available to make this easier. If using a dishwasher, there is usually no need to pre-rinse the dishes.

14. Don't let the faucet run while you clean vegetables
Just rinse them in a stoppered sink or a pan of clean water. Use a 
dual-setting aerator.

15. Keep a bottle of drinking water in the fridge.

Running tap water to cool it off for drinking water is wasteful. Store drinking water in the fridge in a 
safe drinking bottle. If you are filling water bottles to bring along on outdoor hikes, consider buying a LifeStraw personal water filter which enables users to drink water safely from rivers or lakes or any available body of water.

maintenance your home
Water conservation in the yard and garden... 

16. Plant drought-resistant lawns, shrubs and plants

If you are planting a new lawn, or overseeding an existing lawn, use drought-resistant grasses such as the new
"Eco-Lawn".
Many beautiful shrubs and plants thrive with far less watering than other species. Replace herbaceous perennial borders with native plants. Native plants will use less water and be more resistant to local plant diseases. Consider applying the principles of 
xeriscape for a low-maintenance, drought resistant yard.
Plant slopes with plants that will retain water and help reduce runoff.
Group plants according to their watering needs.


17. Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants

Mulch will slow evaporation of moisture while discouraging weed growth. Adding 2 - 4 inches of organic material such as compost or bark mulch will increase the ability of the soil to retain moisture. Press the mulch down around the dripline of each plant to form a slight depression which will prevent or minimize water runoff. 
For information about different mulch materials and their best use, 
click here.

18. Don't water the gutter
Position your sprinklers so water lands on the lawn or garden,
 not on paved areas. Also, avoid watering on windy days

19. Water your lawn only when it needs it

A good way to see if your lawn needs watering is to step on the grass If it springs back up when you move it doesn't need water If it stays flat the lawn is ready for watering Letting the grass grow taller (to 3") will also promote water retention in the soil
Most lawns only need about 1" of water each week During dry spells you can stop watering altogether and the lawn will go brown and dormant Once cooler weather arrives the morning dew and rainfall will bring the lawn back to its usual vigor This may result in a brown summer lawn but it saves a lot of water


20. Deep-soak your lawn

When watering the lawn do it long enough for the moisture to soak down to the roots where it will do the most good A light sprinkling can evaporate quickly and tends to encourage shallow root systems Put an empty tuna can on your lawn  when it's full you've watered about the right amount Visit our 
natural lawn care page for more information

21. Water during the early parts of the day
avoid watering when it's windy
Early morning is generally better than dusk since it helps prevent the growth of fungus. Early watering and late watering, also reduce water loss to evaporation Watering early in the day is also the best defence against slugs and other garden pests. Try not to water when it's windy  wind can blow sprinklers off target and speed evaporation.
 

22. Add organic matter and use efficient watering systems for shrubs, flower beds and lawns
Adding organic material to your soil will help increase its absorption and water retention. Areas which are already planted can be top dressed with compost or organic matter.
You can greatly reduce the amount of water used for shrubs, beds and lawns by:
- the strategic placement of 
soaker hoses
- installing a 
rain barrel water catchment system
- installing a simple 
drip-irrigation system
Avoid over-watering plants and shrubs as this can actually diminish plant health and cause yellowing of the leaves
When hand watering use a 
variable spray nozzle
 for targeted watering

23. Don't run the hose while washing your car

Clean the car using a pail of soapy water Use the hose only for rinsing  this simple practice can save as much as 150 gallons when washing a car Use a spray nozzle when rinsing for more efficient use of water Better yet use a 
waterless car washing system there are several brands such as EcoTouch which are now on the market

24. Use a broom, not a hose, to clean driveways and sidewalks
 
maintenance your hoses, faucets and couplings
 25. Check for leaks in pipes, hoses, faucets and couplingsLeaks outside the house may not seem as bad since they're not as visible. But they can be just as wasteful as leaks indoors Check frequently to keep them drip-free Use hose washers at spigots and hose connections to eliminate leaks.

Water conservation comes naturally when everyone in the family is aware of its importance, and parents take the time to teach children some of the simple water-saving methods around the home which can make a big difference.

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